Families leading a traditional way of life in the tundra have the right to receive a kit of everything necessary for their own home - poles, chum covers of reindeer skin and canvas, a stove, and sledges. Families can receive such a kit upon the birth or adoption of a third child since March 2021.
A chum (pronounced “choom”) is a traditional nomadic home of the Nenets people.
The Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area, being a part of the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation (AZRF), plans to hand over nearly 300 kits for the construction and transport of nomadic homes (chums) to local residents by 2026, the regional government's press office told TASS.
By now, the government has planned 132 kits for 2024, and 132 kits for 2025, the press office reports. Another 29 kits will be allocated from November to December this year.
Since 2021, the authorities have handed over 208 kits to young families.
The Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area is located in the AZRF in the northern part of the West Siberian Plain, with half of it lying inside the Arctic Circle. The Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area is home to Indigenous peoples of the North: Nenets, Khanty, Mansi, Selkups, Evens and others, 40% of whom are nomads.