Scientists Assessed the Effects of Industrial Activities on the Arctic Animals


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Some animal species, including rare ones, are ready to put up with industrial pollution of territories if they retain generally favourable conditions for life, the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences reported.

Scientists studied biodiversity in the Kola Peninsula, the Taimyr Peninsula and the Trans-Baikal Territory, Russia’s Far East.

After observations, the scientists concluded that there are more hares and roe deer along roads in the Trans-Baikal Territory than in areas not exposed to industrial impact. It turned out that the availability of food and safety from hunters were more important to the animals than the cleanliness of nature and the absence of traffic noise.

In some cases, protected bird species have been encountered by us in the areas of average impact of the plant. That means that this level of influence does not affect them so much - they are able to adapt. However, preservation of the environment is very important to them. Therefore, if in certain places there is direct destruction of the territory, for example, construction of a mine or a road, then naturally it has an impact, said the expedition's chief scientist, Director of Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals SB RAS.

The scientists also noted that some protected bird species are also quite capable of adapting to industrial impacts on the environment.