Scientists have developed a crucial technology for treating frostbite and burns in the Arctic
Scientists at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) have developed a new method to treat deep wounds, burns and frostbite without leaving scars. This technology will make it possible to expand the boundaries of medical care in Arctic conditions.
The technology is based on the use of stem cells assembled into spheroids. This method reduces cell death and increases their efficiency. Tests have shown that using this method, growth factors and nutrients that promote wound healing are tripled, the Institute's press service reports.
This technology will be in high demand in the Far North, where healing injuries is more difficult and painful due to the peculiarities of the climate.
The scientists pointed out that similar technologies are being developed around the world, but the innovation of the development presented lies in the method of "harvesting" stem cells. The cells are grown in the form of spheroids ranging in size from 100 to 200 nanometres. This shape allowed to increase their survival rate when injected into the body.
Stem cells are injected on the first day after injury. Then, stem cells begin to produce growth factors and stimulate reverse mechanisms – reducing inflammation and accelerating the healing process. During laboratory studies, scientists found out that this treatment releases three times as many bioactive substances, helping tissues heal faster and preventing the formation of scars.
Medical care based on such technology can be provided in hospitals and clinical centres in the Arctic, where cell banks will be placed.